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Method Knowledge Targeted Unit Task
Black Character MT
Black Character MT, morphology
Black Character Spelling correction
Black ✓, ✗ Word MT, NLI
Black Character Text classification, sentiment
Black Sentence Reading comprehension
Black Syntax Sentiment, entailment
Black Word Image captioning
Black Word NLI, sentiment
Black Word Text classification, sentiment
Black Word Reading comprehension, visual QA, sentiment
Black Word Dialogue
White Pixels Image captioning
White Word MT
White Word MT, summarization
White Word Reading comprehension, visual and table QA
White Word Sentiment
White Word Sentiment, gender detection
White Word Text classification, sentiment, grammatical error detection
White Word/Character Text classification
White Word/Character Text classification
White Word/Character Text classification
Black Character MT